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Health disparities attributable to air pollutant exposure in North Carolina: Influence of residential environmental and social factors

Author: 
Ji-Young Son, Kevin J. Lane, Marie Lynn Miranda, Michelle L. Bell

 

Abstract


Understanding the environmental justice implications of the mortality impacts of air pollution exposure is a public health priority, as some subpopulations may face a disproportionate health burden. We examined which residential environmental and social factors may affect disparities in the air pollution-mortality relationship in North Carolina, US, using a time-stratified case-crossover design. Results indicate that air pollution poses a higher mortality risk for some persons (e.g., elderly) than others. Our findings have implications for environmental justice regarding protection of those who suffer the most from exposure to air pollution and policies to protect their health.

Keywords: 
Air pollution, Environmental justice, Health disparities, Mortality
Publication number: 
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2020.102287
Publication date: 
Friday, January 31, 2020